Pharmacy higher education in most European countries has been developing independently from each other for a long time. From the end of the 20th Century, interaction and exchange between different countries was stimulated when the European Association of Faculties of Pharmacy (EAFP) was founded by a group of pharmacy academics in 1992 who met in Paris.  Adoption of the Bologna declaration by the ministers of education of 29 countries (in 1999) and the European Directive on Recognition of Professional Qualifications (published in 2005) further stimulates European collaboration and integration. Since then several European projects (PHARMINE, Phar-QA, Phar-IN) have resulted in establishing an inventory of country profiles and the development of competency profiles for community, hospital and industrial pharmacists. The latest results of these European collaborations (country profiles, competency frameworks, publications) can be found in this website.